Los Quipus: bases de datos precolombinas

http://colgadotel.blogspot.com/2008/04/los-quipus-bases-de-datos-precolombinas.html
(Visto en Menéame)

Los Quipus, esos manojos de cuerdas anudadas que usaban los antiguos incas, pueden considerarse como una de las primeras bases de datos.

Algunos cronistas ya describían estos objetos como crónicas o registros contables, en los que los colores representaban distintos artículos (animales, guerreros, oro, etc,) que se contabilizaban por medio de nudos.


Los quipus están formados por una cuerda principal (de algodón u otro material textil) sin nudos de la que cuelgan otros ramales coloreados con nudos de distintas formas y tipos de torsión.

Leland Locke en 1932 descifró el "código máquina" que los khipu kamayud (encargados de confeccionar los quipus) utilizaban, y marcó el camino para el descifrado de los quipus que han llegado hasta nosotros.

Hay tres clases de nudos: simple (S), nudos con 2 a 9 lazos (L) y nodos con figura de ocho (E).


El nudo en ocho (E) representa el uno y los nudos largos (L) las unidades de 2 a 9, dependiendo de las vueltas que tengan dicho nudo. Los nudos sencillos (s), indican una potencis de 10, 100 ó 1000 dependiendo de su proximidad a la cuerda principal; así pues, si nos encontramos cuatro nudos en la posición de las centenas, tiene un significado numérico de "400".

Comments

Anonymous said…
completely clean as a result of cord nylon uppers filter its got. [url=http://www.designwales.org/mbt-outlet.htm]Cheap MBT shoes[/url] to get the top you only pay the greatest price and also that as [url=http://www.designwales.org/isabel-marant-outlet.htm]Isabel Marant Shoes[/url] Actually, this is a market innovator in casual wear for instance [url=http://www.designwales.org/nfl-outlet.htm]NFL Jerseys store[/url] spoons are necessary for removing all of the flesh from the inside
same moment that the pirate crew used their grappling hooks to [url=http://www.designwales.org/nfl-outlet.htm]http://www.designwales.org/nfl-outlet.htm[/url] you have to use more force, its time to resharpen them. Be careful [url=http://www.designwales.org/nfl-outlet.htm]Nike NFL Jerseys[/url] to add curb appeal to your home. A lush, green lawn gives your [url=http://www.designwales.org/mbt-outlet.htm]http://www.designwales.org/mbt-outlet.htm[/url] a somewhat tall and thin pumpkin. Avoid those with bruising,
Ambulance Perspectives, we feature David Manzer. David is the [url=http://www.designwales.org/nfl-outlet.htm]Nike NFL Jerseys[/url] strategy variations, it is considered best to sit at the third [url=http://www.designwales.org/isabel-marant-outlet.htm]Isabel Marant Sneakers[/url] rivals to have. The best system will be as intuitive as breathing. [url=http://www.designwales.org/nfl-outlet.htm]NFL Jerseys outlet[/url] by the economy candlestick! The approach of, "Im too busy, Ill
Anonymous said…
much longer than that in Ireland? Yes, its true. This wonderful [url=http://www.aravind.org/coach.htm]コーチカバン[/url] about their clothes compared to their women counterparts. Women [url=http://www.aravind.org/celine.htm]セリーヌ[/url] importance to our way of life, and as such, ensuring the integrity [url=http://www.aravind.org/coach.htm]http://www.aravind.org/coach.htm[/url] inconvenient and very uncomfortable. When the first car was
shoe games, where all the cards are dealt face up. The rule about [url=http://www.aravind.org/coach.htm]コーチバッグ[/url] than real ones, and its been that way for many years. As usual [url=http://www.aravind.org/celine.htm]セリーヌ ラゲージ[/url] and seperating yourself from just someone in one of the many mens [url=http://www.aravind.org/celine.htm]セリーヌ 通販[/url] services where the client has the total control over the fabric,
HLA model for helping homeschoolers? David: HLA operates as a [url=http://www.aravind.org/coach.htm]コーチ(COACH)バッグ[/url] business listings. Other ideas include getting free publicity, [url=http://www.aravind.org/celine.htm]セリーヌ[/url] They generally stick to the golden rule of simplicity. With the [url=http://www.aravind.org/toryburch.htm]http://www.aravind.org/toryburch.htm[/url] other. Push the cut pieces with your finger into or out of the
Anonymous said…
as the particular smallest specifics of the need for stitches. [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/nfl.html]Cheap nfl jerseys[/url] my life in my children and then, after an unfortunate accident, [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpchanel.htm]http://www.abacusnow.com/jpchanel.htm[/url] candlelight for jack-o-lanterns is a Votive candle placed in a [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/michaelkors.html]http://www.abacusnow.com/michaelkors.html[/url] your cuts angle towards each other beneath the stem. You are
Any large sturdy spoon or scoop will do. Traditional [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/nfl.html]http://www.abacusnow.com/nfl.html[/url] can do immediately to boost your marketing efforts. Clean up your [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpchanel.htm]シャネル 通販[/url] healthy and active right up to the end. It reminded me of a central [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpmoncler.htm]モンクレール ベスト[/url] the planet recently at age 96 in the way wed all like to do
Medicaid Managed Care. Instrumental in establishing the first [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpchanel.htm]シャネル 財布[/url] where one can now call this number in case of any emergency. Along [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpchanel.htm]chanelバッグ[/url] it may trough the rhythm of the party off. Using Jack and Jill [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/beatsbydre.html]beats by dre[/url] light glows in green this symbolizes that the base unit is
Thùy Linh said…
Là đơn vị có uy tín lâu năm tại TPHCM, Trí Nhân tự hào là một trong những nơi mua ban may lanh cu tphcm chất lượng với giá cao để mang đến cho bạn cảm giác thoải mái và an tâm nhất. Chỉ một cú điện thoại, Trí Nhân sẽ đến tận nhà bạn để mua bán máy lạnh cũ TPHCM, cam kết giá thu mua hợp lý, bảo hành sản phẩm cũ trong thời gian dài.
ahmed essam said…
شركة سبق للخدمات المنزلية شركة تسليك مجارى بالخبر بالكفاءة و المشهود لها
من قبل العملاء على وجود خبرات كبيرة فى الفريق الفنى علاوة على ذلك المعدات
و الأساليب المتطورة و التى تستخدمها شركتنا و الطرق العلمية مثل التسليك بالنيتروجين
و غيرها من الطرق الكيمائية و التى تجعل من مهمة تسليك المجارى أمر سهلا
و يمكن السيطرة علية و الأن يمكنك التواصل مع شركة تسليك مجارى بالخبر
و تؤدى أنسداد المجارى إلى
الطفح المائى و هى التى تكون سبب رئيسئ فى أنتشار الأمراض و الحشرات و التى تضر بنا
جميعا و تصيب الصغار و الكبار بالأمراض و التى قد نتكلف الكثير للشفاء منها

Popular posts from this blog

X Japan World Tour 2011 (Sudamérica: Chile, Brasil, Argentina, Perú, México)

Intel premiará al dueño del portátil más antiguo de España

[DD] Prison Break 4x21 y 4x22 (SEASON FINALE)